|Date                ||Link   ||Picture |
|First tools manufactured.||stone tools|
|First evidence of fireplace.||...||...|
|First graves. Existance of graves shows signs of religion.||...||...|
|First anatomically modern humans||Link||...|
|'Mitochondrial Eve': She is the most-recent common ancestor of all humans alive on Earth today||link|
|Widespread use of pigments in Africa.||...||...|
|Proto-Language as a base for all current languages.||link||opponent|
|Qafzeh (Jebel) Cave in Israel where layer with Neanderthal remains covers the near-modern African human type remains. The fragments of red ochre - a form of iron oxide that yields a pigment when heated - were found alongside bones in the cave. The ochre is only found alongside the bones. Symbolic thought - the ability to let one thing represent another - was a giant leap in human evolution.||link|
|Clothing invented. Earliest beads used for decoration.||Link|
|Colonisation of Australia.||...||...|
|first cave paintings.||...||...|
|Neanderthals die out.||Link||...|
|Ice age at its peak.||...||...|
|Oldest arrow heads discovered in Africa.||Link||...|
|Scotland and Canada under a mile of ice.||...||...|
|Niagara Falls is created as the glaciers retreat north.||Facts|
|Scotland becomes ice-free. Signs of deer, elk and reindeer inhabiting the area.||...||...|
|Domestication of the dog. First pottery made in the Jamon period of Japan.||...||...|
|First sighting posts establish at Stonehenge.||...|
|First known fortified city - Jericho.||Link|
|Mammoths go extinct on the Siberian mainland.||...||...|
|Earliest known writing. (Balkan-Danube Script)||...||...|
|Sumerians arrive in Sumer. The earliest continuous writing known: receipt on clay tablet.||Tablet|
|Newgrange complex was built in Ireland.||link|
|Some evidence of Comet impact known as a world flood.||...||...|
|Henge is started at Stonehenge.||...|
|Bronze Age begins||...||...|
|First ziggurat is built in Iraq.||...|
|First pyramid of Djoser is built at Saqqara in Egypt||...|
|Khufu becomes king of Two Lands of Egypt. Pyramid of Khufu was built||...|
|First large temple mounds are built in Peru||...||...|
|Great Pyramid of Giza completed.||...||...|
|First appearance of the horse in Greece comes with the arrival of the Indo-European Hittites.||...||...|
|Abraham lives in Canaan.||...||...|
|First Military horse based Chariot arrival in Egypt comes with the invasion of the Hyksos or Amorites.||Chariot|
|The oldest books of the old testiment written. (Genesis)||Link||...|
|death of Rameses the Great.||...||...|
|Iron Age begins||...||...|
|Population of Scotland declines. Possibly because of the plague.||...||...|
|David King of Israel. (second king after King Saul)||...||...|
|King Solomon builds his temple. (Destroyed later in 586 BC)||...||...|
|First Olympic Games in Greece.||...||...|
|Marked a turning point in the use of the horse. Hunting as well as military actions were now on horseback instead of chariot.||Horseman||...|
|The first historical record of the Celts by the Greeks. The Celts were a loose grouping of tribes that lived in an area north of the Alps around the Danube river in central Europe. Around 500 BC they appeared in Ireland.||...||...|
|First coin is the Lydian third stater (trite) likely minted by King Alyattes in Sardis (Lydia, Asia Minor - present-day Turkey)||link|
|Death of Alexander The Great in Babylon.||...||...|
|Exceptionally cruel and ruthless Indian prince Ashoka (?-233BC) had many of his brothers killed as well as millions from conquered countries in order to seize the throne. Ashoka widely propagated Buddhism from Afghanistan to Sri Lanka.||...||...|
|Nazca Lines created in the dry deserts of Peru.||Link|
|Foundation of the Roman Empire.||...||...|
|Jesus is born.||...||...|
|Destruction of Jerusalem and its temple by roman army.||...||...|
|The Great Colosseum ("Coliseum") is built in Rome. A vast ellipse covering about 6 acres and seating 50,000 spectators.||Link|
|Bar Kochba revolt begins in Israel.||...||...|
|Sri Gupta becomes king, begining the Gupta dynasty lineage in India.||Link||...|
|The Temple of the Dwarf, or the Casa del Anano (House of the Dwarf), or the Pyramid of the Magician was created as a key structure of mayan Uxmal city.||Link|
|First year of the Muslim calendar; Started when Muhammad and his closest companions moved from Mecca to Medina.||Link||...|
|Mohammed began to dictate the Koran. (In 650, Caliph Othman divided the Koran into 114 chapters)||Link||...|
|What is thought to be the first psychological novel ever written. The Tale of Genji by japanese aurthor Murasaki Shikibuc.||...||...|
|Maya invented a calendar of remarkable accuracy and complexity. The pyramid in Chichen Itza was used as a calendar: four stairways, each with 91 steps and a platform at the top, making a total of 365, equivalent to the number of days in a calendar year. ||Link|
|First Crusade starts.||...||...
|Waldenses heretics are burned at Strasbourg. Several centuries of persecution begin. ||Link||...
|Mongols overrun Baghdad, burning it to the ground and killing 10,000 citizens. Agriculture was prohibited and irrigation system destroyed.||...||...
|Templar order is officially destroyed in France.||...||...
|On May 30th, Joan of Arc was burned at the stake in Rouen.||...||...
|Christopher Columbus discovers southeastern North America, mistaking it for India.||Link|
|The Kingdom of Great Britain was created by the merger of the Kingdoms of Scotland and England (Union Flag from 1606).||...||...
|Formation of First National Freemason Grand Lodge in Ireland.||...||...
|Grand Lodge of Scotland is formed.||...||...
|The Seven Years' 1st World War pitted Great Britain, Prussia and Hanover against France, Austria, Russia, Sweden, and Saxony. It was the first "world war"; most major European nations were involved, and the conflict spanned the globe with different theaters on the European continent, as well as in present day Canada, the United States, India, and the Caribbean.||...||...
Feb. 1763 AD
|French and Indian War: Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Canada and India to Great Britain. Preferring to keep Guadaloupe, in the Caribbean Sea. Spain ceded Florida to the British but gained New Orleans, Louisiana, Cuba and Philippines back.||Link||...
|last witch to be burned in europe.||...||...
|British East India Company begins occupation of Dutch Ceylon.||...||...
|Convicts sent to West Australia from Sydney. ||...||...
|Joan of Arc declared a saint.||...||...
|Stalin used starvation as a Political Weapon in the great artificial famine of Ukraine: over 7.5 million men, women and children died of starvation. It was more than 20 percent of the Ukrainian population.||Link|
|World War II. Total Deaths: min. 37,215,153 Wounded and Missing: min. 19,714,763. The War Financial cost (in $$ 1990s) was B$15,655 (billions) for USA only.||Link||...
Aug. 1945 AD
|First Atomic bombs were used over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These cities had not previously been bombed, and thus the bombs' damage could be accurately assessed. U.S. estimates put the number killed in Hiroshima at 80,000 and in Nagasaki at 40,000.||Link|
|First artificial satellite - Sputnik||...||...
|First cosmonaut - Y. Gagarin.||...||...
|First Microprocessor from INTEL as a start point for the first PC||News|
|Darya was born||...||...